What Is The Most Addictive Drug?

Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) data and the National Survey on Drug Use and Health reveal that more than twenty million Americans battle drug addiction. Drug addiction is a complex and often misunderstood disease. Many people mistakenly blame a lack of moral principles or character flaws without considering the powerful effects drugs have on the brain. But, of course, some drugs exert more influence on the brain than others and have become the most addictive drugs that people battle. So what is the most addictive drug? This all depends. Read below to find out more.

If you or a loved one need a safe space to talk about and recover from substance abuse or addiction, contact Myrtle Beach Recovery to learn more about our recovery programs.

Why Do People Use Drugs?

People start using drugs that lead to addiction for many reasons, such as:

  • Experimentation. Some people want to satisfy their curiosity about the high feeling caused by drugs.
  • Stress. The stress caused by one’s job, school, relationships, or a major life event leads some people to escape through drugs.
  • Rapport. If your close friends use drugs, you are more likely to use them to fit in.
  • Self-medication. Depression, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, chronic pain, and other conditions can make one more vulnerable to drug use.
  • Pleasure. Some people constantly seek pleasure, and drugs may seem worth using for their next thrill experience.

Why Do Some People Get Addicted?

While some people use drugs without developing an addiction, others start seeking and using them compulsively with no ability to stop. This continues despite the destructive consequences to their health, relationships, and careers. However, it remains somewhat obscure why some people get addicted, and others don’t. It seems unlikely that only one factor determines if someone becomes addicted to drugs. Instead, a person’s risk of addiction increases with a combination of factors, such as:

  • Genetics. Experts estimate that a person’s genes cause about half of all drug addictions.
  • Surroundings. The people, stress, family, economic status, childhood and past life, occupation, and other environmental factors that affect your quality of life can affect the likelihood of forming an addiction.
  • Stage of life. Although drug use can lead to addiction at any age, earlier drug use more often leads to addiction, especially during the teen years. 
  • Health issues. Experiencing chronic pain or struggling with depression, anxiety, or other mental health issues increases the risk of drug addiction.

The Five Most Addictive Drugs

Although most drugs have the potential for addiction, some pose more risk than others. The most addictive drugs have a strong effect on the brain and cause unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. In addition, these drugs form such powerful addictions that you need professional treatment for successful recovery. The following five drugs top most experts’ list of most addictive drugs.

1. Heroin. Many lists begin with heroin because of its reputation for being highly addictive. Heroin acts on the mind and body to produce a pleasurable dopamine-stimulated experience that surpasses what the body can produce naturally. Unfortunately, heroin addiction claims thousands of lives each year.

2. Cocaine. Cocaine, specifically crack cocaine that is smoked, is close behind heroin in the tendency to form an addiction. However, crack cocaine exceeds cocaine in its speed of taking effect, potency, and creation of an intense high feeling.

3. Crystal Meth. Methamphetamine, a synthetic stimulant, has been used for years to keep people awake, lose weight, and treat depression. Crystal meth is an illicit form of methamphetamine that acts differently on the brain to create intense cravings. This is a highly addictive and destructive drug that requires exceptional and persistent professional treatment.

4. Alcohol. The substance most abused and affecting more people with addiction is the depressant, alcohol. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms vary widely and can be life-threatening. Medications, professional counseling, and support groups can help overcome the challenges of recovering from alcohol addiction.

5. Benzodiazepines. More effective benzodiazepines have replaced the once widely prescribed barbiturates. The most popular ones include Xanax, Klonopin, Valium, and Ativan, that function as calming agents on the brain. Unfortunately, tolerance builds quickly to make stopping difficult without professional treatment.

Consider Myrtle Beach Recovery

These five and other addictive drugs can affect all aspects of your life or the life of a loved one. Myrtle Beach Recovery can help with several recovery options that can help you live a happy and sober life.

Contact Myrtle Beach Recovery to learn more about our recovery programs.

Addiction in Men vs. Women

One issue women have faced in health care is their exclusion from addiction studies. After many years of focusing on the effect of addictive substances on only men, researchers began including women in their studies. The results of their scientific research discovered several differences in addiction between the genders.

If you or a loved one need a safe space to talk about and recover from substance abuse or addiction, contact Myrtle Beach Recovery to learn more about our recovery programs.

The Reasons For The Differences

Once scientists began finding differences in addiction between men and women, they examined various potential causes. It became clear, that differences in addiction might proceed from other differences in the genders, such as:

  • Sociological factors. Women have many social factors that can contribute to their substance addiction. These factors include expectations around childbirth, raising children, work and home balance, and a disproportionately lower pay scale. Men may feel societal pressure related to success, job performance, and control of emotions that increase the risk of addiction. 
  • Psychological factors. Experts have found that men often begin using drugs and alcohol to celebrate or in “thrill-seeking.” In contrast, women’s road to addiction frequently starts with drugs and alcohol to cope with stress or sad life events.
  • Biological factors. Several biological differences between men and women affect their risk for addiction and the specific substances abused. Scientists believe one of these is how various parts of the brain function between men and women to create and process memories. Another biological factor is the hormonal differences, especially the role of the menstrual cycle.

How Gender Influences Addiction Rates

Men have seemed to struggle much more with addiction to drugs and alcohol than women in the past. However, recent studies show that the numbers for women are increasing and approaching those of men. For instance, the men-to-women ratio in the 1980s for alcohol abuse was around five to one. It is now estimated to be closer to three men to one woman. However, how accurate that data is without including women in the first place is questionable. 

Other general observations include:

  • Men often develop addictions earlier in life.
  • Women tend to develop addictions more rapidly after exposure to a drug or alcohol.
  • Men experience heightened withdrawal symptoms for alcohol addiction.
  • Women are more likely to have intense withdrawal difficulties from smoking cessation.
  • Women are more inclined to relapse than men.

Gender’s Influence On Addiction To Specific Substances

The effect of different drugs and alcohol varies between men and women. Each gender faces specific risks of addiction for various substances, including some of the most abused substances listed below.

Alcohol

Men are more prone to alcohol abuse, but women may suffer more physical damage from alcohol and have higher alcohol-related deaths. In addition, women use alcohol more often to alleviate stress, become addicted more quickly, and are less likely to seek treatment for their addiction. In general, the rate of addiction for women is approaching men’s. Interestingly, it is higher among females in young people between twelve and twenty.

Prescription Opioids

The opioid epidemic has brought devastation to both genders. Women more often than men abuse opioids and develop an addiction faster due to chemical differences in the brain. However, more men die from overdose each year. Many believe that women’s abuse of opioids stems from being more likely to receive prescriptions for pain medications. One study found that they also receive prescriptions for higher doses and more extended periods.

Cocaine

Women may be more susceptible to cocaine addiction because of their vulnerability to the satisfying effects of the drug. This heightened sensitivity has been linked to estrogen, leading women to use cocaine faster and in larger quantities than men. Women also are more resilient to the harmful effects of cocaine on the brain. Relapse affects women more than men and is affected by hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle.

Heroin

Studies reveal that men tend to use heroin more than women, who use less of the drug for a shorter time. When women use heroin, it is often associated with a romantic relationship. The survival rate of heroin addiction is less for men than women.

Anti-Anxiety Medications

Women seek treatment for conditions such as anxiety and insomnia more often than men. As a result, they receive more anti-depressants, sedatives, and sleeping pills and are more likely to overdose and develop addictions. Death caused by these medications occurs more often in women than men.

Methamphetamine

Women start using methamphetamine at a younger age and are more prone to addiction than men. Men switch to another drug when methamphetamine is not available, more often. Women are more likely to seek treatment for their addiction than men.

Consider Myrtle Beach Recovery

Myrtle Beach Recovery can help you or a loved one struggling with substance addiction. We offer several programs to help you recover and stay on a path of sobriety and contentment.

Contact Myrtle Beach Recovery to learn more about our recovery programs.

Seven Most Common Addictions in the U.S

The level of drug addiction has reached epidemic proportions, as reported with opioids’ significant role in drug overdose deaths in the United States. Although drug use typically begins with a desired effect of the feeling it gives, it eventually causes unwanted and substantial changes in how your brain functions.

Read more

Senior Citizen Substance Abuse: Signs, Statistics & Risks

Senior citizen substance abuse is a rapidly growing health problem in the United States. The abuse of cocaine, heroin, alcohol, opioids, and prescription drugs is often overlooked among loved ones and health care providers. At the same time, senior adults suffer severe health consequences that often lead to hospitalization.

Read more

Addiction vs. Dependence: What’s The Difference?

Most people use the words addiction and dependence interchangeably to describe someone’s struggle with substance abuse. While it is essential to understand that addiction and dependence describe distinct conditions, confusion is common among patients, caregivers, and even some mental health professionals.

Read more

Sober Date Ideas: Alcohol Free Dates

Two of the most common reasons people drink alcohol are for coping with stress and being sociable. Dating combines both into one occasion that can present a challenging test to your pursuit of sobriety. Alcohol use is so prevalent in our society, that it might seem impossible to find something to do on a date without drinking. Additionally, you may have thought before now that you can’t be a friendly person without the fun that alcohol provided in the past. Below, we’ll provide you with sober date ideas that are enjoyable and alcohol free.

Read more

Teenage Substance Abuse Prevention Tips

Alcohol and drug abuse are common problems among teenagers which can have significant effects on their lives and the lives of their friends and family. Most adults with addictions report that their abuse started during their teen years. Parents, teachers, and other adults can help prevent teenage substance abuse by learning:

Read more

Twelve Ways to Keep Your Cool When Sobriety Gets Hard

It is not uncommon to become angry and lose your cool, especially when sobriety gets hard. Keep reading to learn why sobriety can get hard, why you might become angry, and tips to help you keep your cool.

If you or your loved one need a safe space to recover from addiction, contact Myrtle Beach Recovery to learn more about our short- and long-term recovery programs.

Read more

Tips for Sobriety When Your Spouse Drinks

Pursuing your sobriety while your significant other does not can present a unique set of challenges. However, with some preparation, you can stay true to your recovery and continue cultivating a healthy relationship. For assistance, explore these tips for sobriety when your spouse drinks.

Read more

4 Tips for Staying Sober This Summer

Summer is a time for relaxation and outdoor fun. Whether you’re taking a summer vacation or staying home for the season, it’s important to know that it’s entirely possible to enjoy this time of year while pursuing your sobriety. Below, we’ll provide you with four tips for staying sober this summer!

Read more